Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a law that makes available a free appropriate public education to eligible children with disabilities throughout the nation and ensures special education and related services to those children. https://www.parentcenterhub.org/repository/idea/
Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)
If you have a child with a disability, your child is entitled to FAPE – a free appropriate public education, under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). What does this mean? In a nutshell, FAPE is an individualized educational program that is designed to meet the child’s unique needs and from which the child receives educational benefit, and prepares them for further education, employment, and independent living.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)
The IEP, Individualized Education Program, is a written document that’s developed for each public school child who is eligible for special education. The IEP is created through a team effort and reviewed at least once a year. Before an IEP can be written, your child must be eligible for special education. By federal law, a multidisciplinary team must determine that (1) he’s/she’s a child with a disability and (2) he/she requires special education and related services to benefit from the general education program.